Vaastu shastra, which means the science of the built area, is an ancient Indian architectural science. It is the study of the forces of nature and their effect on an individual's immediate environment. This science is perfectly in tune with the natural laws and lays down the rules to create harmonious environs for living by connecting the individual with the cosmic forces surrounding us.

Vaastu Shastra is divided into seven main parts:

    Vaastu Shastra is divided into seven main parts:

  • 1. Method of soil testing
  • 2. Selection of suitable land and finding out its directions.
  • 3. The division of land into squares
  • 4. Method of construction
  • 5. Placement of entrance gate
  • 6. Knowledge of construction of temples
  • 7. Knowledge of construction of palaces

Vaastu Shastra is based on the laws of gravitational forces, magnetic forces, flow of electric current, flow of wind and water, and takes into account the importance of the sun's rays also known as the solar energy. The proper effect of all these in necessary to keep good health and balance of mind.

Vaastu is an ancient architectural tradition of India based on the Vedas. Vaastu developed its building technology on the fundamental premise that the earth or soil is a living organism out of which other living creatures and organic forms emerge

Vaastu by tradition is the life force contained within the earth. Vaastu also means living space or dwelling space. Vaastu is the individual site or land identified for a village or neighborhood. Vaastu is also the building enclosure.

Man does not inhabit this earth alone; he inhabits akasham or space. He is linked with his Shakti or energy to other energy form. He is part of a movement, a cycle of life and death, which is known as Kaala (time). Space, Time and Energy are traditionally primed as existing in their free, unlimited state. Vaastu experts have not only devised an order pertaining to the creation of manifested space, but have also ascertained a link between time cycle and the life of a person.

Vaastu is not about magical cures but about the physical, psychological and spiritual order of the built environment and its consonance with the energies of the cosmic universe. The science of Vaastu revolves around the affect of the 5 elements (Panchbhuutas), on the human body.

The 5 Elements (Panchbhuutas)

Sky : Aakaash
It is the unending (Anantha) region remote from the Earth, in which not only our Solar System, but the entire Galaxy (Brahmaand) exists. Its effective forces are light, heat, gravitational force and waves, magnetic field and others. Its main charecterstic is Shabda (Sound).

Air : Vaayu
Atmosphere of the Earth which is about 400 kms, in depth and consists of 21% Oxygen (Praan Vaayu), Nitrogen 78%, Carbon Dioxide, Helium, other kinds of gases, dust particles, humidity and vapor in certain proportion. Life of human beings, plants and animals and even fire depends on this. Its main characteristics are Shabda and Sparsha (Touch).

Fire : Agni
Represents light and heat of fire (burning), lightning, volcanic or plutonic heat, the heat of fever or inflammation, energy, days and nights, seasons and other aspects of solar system, and also enthusiasm, ardor, passion, spirited vigor. Its main characteristics are Shabda, Sparsha and Roopa (Form).

Water : Jala
This is represented by rain, river, sea and is in the form of liquid, ice, and gas steam, cloud. It is a combination of hydrogen and oxygen in the ratio of two to one, perfectly neutral in reaction. In every plant and life on Earth, water exists in certain proportion and its main characteristics are Shabda, Sparsha, Roopa and Rasa (taste)

Earth : Bhumi
Earth, the third planet in order form the Sun, is a big magnet with north and south poles as centers of attractions. Its magnetic field and gravitational force have telling effects on everything on Earth whether living or non-living. It is tilted by about 23° at the meridian of its either side for six months called Uttaraayana and Dakshinaayana and rotates on its own axis from West to East resulting in day and night. Its one orbit around sun takes 365 days (1 year). Three fourths of Earth's surface is water and one fourth is land. Its main characteristics are Shabda, Sparsha, Roopa, Rasa, and Guna (quality).

Planets and their influence on Directions

Star/planet (Hindi) Star/planet (English) Direction
Ravi Sun East
Shukra Venus South East
Angarka Mars South
Rahu North Lunar Node Direction
Shani Saturn West
Chandra Moon North West
Chandra Moon North West
Buddha Mercury North East
Ketu / Brihaspati South Lunar Node / Jupiter North East
Different planets have beneficial influences on certain rooms and hence the positions of rooms should be based on that.

    While construction a bed - room, directions should be specially chosen. The directions according to which rooms should be constructed are as under:

  • North - West The room in this direction is suitable for guests and girls.

  • South - West The Chief of the house should have his room in this direction.

  • North - East No bedroom should be situated in this direction. In such situation there is a possibility of increase number of girls in the family

  • South-East No bedroom should be located in this direction. The children do not take interest in studies. There is no sound sleep. People have much anger. Decisions are generally taken hurriedly.

  • West There is a possibility of birth of larger number of girls in the family.

It should be in the West, South or Vayavya kona directions and the flow of its drains should be towards North-East. Commode should be South or West facing. Exhausts fan can be fixed on North and East walls. Geysers should be South-East since it is 'Agneya' corner and Geyser is associated with heat. Bathrooms should not be built in the naikritya or eeshan kona

According to Vastu principles, Toilets and Bathroom should be situated separately. These days, it is not possible because of paucity of space. As such, these are built attached with each other within the house. The following points need special attention for such construction

1. Toilets should not be built in the direction of naikritya or eeshan kona.
2. These should be constructed mainly towards South or West.
3. The face should be towards soutrh or West while discharging stool

It should be constructed in the North-East to achieve good health and wealth and if in the houses already constructed, the balcony is in South-West, it should be covered with glass or screens.

Children's Room:
The children are future of the nation. If the parents are able to give right direction to the children at their tender age then tomorrow they will turn into disciplined citizens. The children's room, too, should be constructed in the North-West corner but the bathroom should be arranged in above noted direction only.

The doors should be in the North and East. When someone enters through the door, the waves emerging from the doors affect his mind because the magnetic waves always flow around us. Some painting or window should be opposite each door.

Drawing Room:
It should be in North-West, South or west direction. In the traditional drawing rooms mattresses, covered with white sheets of cloth are spread in the entire room and round pillows are kept in South and West walls. Similarly, in the modern drawing room, the furniture should be kept in South and West directions. As far as possible the open space should be maximum in North and East direction.

Dining Room:
The dining room should be towards the west because it is ruled by Saturn and it is in the way of Bhooteshwara, the symbolic representation of the hungry.

If the kitchen is located towards north then the head of the family will have easy means of earning and prosperity. The kitchen ideally should be towards the south east because it is in the direction of God of Fire or the Agneya Kona. The face of the cook should be towards the East. The water tap in kitchen should be in the North-East direction. It is better if the stone on which food is cooked, is of red colour.

Vaastu Tips – Land

  • Choose a plot that doesn't have an irregular shape. Square or rectangle shape plot is considered good.
  • A land that was a burial ground, or a crematorium is not suitable for living. Ideally it should be flat level ground. A land on a hill is also not a suitable. If it is on a slope, then the land sloping down toward the north or east is ok but if it is sloping to the west it is not good.
  • Avoid buying a plot having cracks
  • The length of the land should not be more than twice the breadth. A plot that has more length in the east west direction is good for purchasing purpose
  • A plot-facing road from all sides is considered auspicious
  • The land should not be too porous i.e. should not absorb water very fast.
  • The slope of the roof should be such that water should flow towards North or East
  • The house should not be constructed on the land which is a dead end.
  • Vastu does not advice the buying of such a plot that has more of open space in southern portion as compared to the northern side, as it is likely to cause some sort of destruction
  • A plot situated between two larger plots is not good as it brings poverty.
  • If the plot is next to a bridge it is not auspicious - particularly if the bridge is on the north or east side. You can compromise if it is on the south or west side
  • A valley or a large pit around the land or a depression in the land is inauspicious
  • Water source located on the southwest side of a building will bring misery. If the plot has a well, swimming pool, lake, river or a stream flowing on the north east it is auspicious.
  • Water source located on the southwest side of a building will bring misery. If the plot has a well, swimming pool, lake, river or a stream flowing on the north east it is auspicious.
  • If there is an electrical power supply station or large electric pole on the north east side of the plot it is not good for the vibrations.
  • The plot should not be within twice the distance of the height of the house to any public place like temple, hospital, factory etc. If the distance is more than that then it is ok. The house should be at least 80 ft or more away from any temple. The gate should not face a temple and the shadow of a temple should not fall on the house.
  • Avoid plots near a meat shop, workshop, laundry, shoe shop, etc.
  • The fence or the boundary wall should be higher on the west and south and lower on the north and east sides.
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Vaastu Tips – Bedrooms

  • The main bedroom should be located in the South/South West (nairuthi). The bedroom should not be located in north east, this is not good for owner's health or finances
  • If the bedroom is located in the North, there would be unrest in the family
  • The bed should be placed in such a way that while sleeping, the head is towards the South. Alternatively, head can face towards the West.
  • Following are the implications of having head in different directions:
  • 1. If the head is towards the South then, Sound sleep and lesser tensions, the health improves.
  • 2. If the head is towards the East, then improvement in knowledge.
  • 3. If the head is towards the West, then ill health.
  • 4. If the head is towards the North, then bad dreams, ill health and disturbed sleep.
  • The inmates should not take meals in the bedroom otherwise they will suffer bad health, especially while they sit on the bed while eating.
  • Divine idols should not be kept in the bedroom.
  • The bed should never be placed below a beam.
  • Square and rectangle shape bedrooms are perfect for ensuring peace and prosperity.
  • Avoid hanging pictures that depict violence or sorrow.
  • Any reflective surfaces such as mirrors and televisions should be covered at night while sleeping.
  • Minimise clutter in your room as clutter represents the unfinished tasks of your life.
  • If you want to have a bookshelf in your bedroom, then west or southwest corner is apt for this purpose.
  • The door you enter to your bedroom is considered a symbol of the possibilities your life has to offer you and should open at least ninety degrees to fully allow positive opportunities to flow to
  • A door that cannot open fully will limit this support that makes your life more interesting.
  • Beds should be placed in the south-west corner of the room.
  • Avoid hanging pictures that depict violence or sorrow
  • If you have an attached bathroom, make sure it does not directly face your bed and the door is closed at all times.
  • It is not advisable to have an aquarium or real plants in the bedroom
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Vaastu Tips – – Dining Hall

  • Dining Room should be towards the West as it is ruled by Saturn and it is in the way of Bhooteshwara, the symbolic representation of the hungry.
  • Construction should be done in such a manner that the dining room and kitchen both are on the same floor, lying adjacent to each other. If the Kitchen is on the ground floor, the dining hall should not be on the upper floor as carrying the food crossing the stairs is not considered proper.
  • Square or rectangle shape dining table is perfect for the room. Dining table should not be sticking to the wall. Most of us nowadays like to go for the stylish round or oval dining tables. But according to Vaastu shastra this should be avoided.
  • The placing of the chairs should be such that the head of the family should face east while eating. The rest of the family members can face east, north or west, but avoid facing south. Keep the number of dining chairs always even or there can be dispute in the family.
  • The dining hall should have a door in the east, the north or the west. There should be no arches. The door of the dining room and the main entrance door of the house should not be facing each other directly.
  • If you want to place a fridge in the dining room, then southeast direction would be just apt. Other electronic items like television, microwave oven should also be placed in southeast
  • If you want to make provision for the fitting of washbasin in your dining room, then the right place would be either eastern or northern corner.
  • Nature portraits and paintings in the dining room makes the atmosphere happy.
  • There should not be any attached toilet in the dining room
  • Lights create positive energy. The décor of dining room should be arranged according to the mood and taste of the family. Lighting should create easy and relaxed environment. Candles and lamps give special effects to any meal. Ceiling lights should fall vertically and mainly focus on the surface of dining table. Scenery and paintings give positive effect in dining room
  • Window should be placed in north or east side as compared to south or west side. If the house is located in north direction, the entrance should be in north direction. If the house is located in east direction, the face of entrance should be in the east
  • If the room is located in south direction, the face of entrance should be in the South and if it is in north direction, the entrance should be in the north. Main entrance door and dining room door should not face directly to each other
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Vaastu Tips – Bathrooms

  • The bathroom should ideally be located in the East. Alternatively, it can be located in the North-West. But the bathroom should never be located in the North East.
  • Toilets should always face the south and not the east or west. The toilet should be on the west or the northwest side of the room with 1 or 2 feet above the ground
  • Wash basin / sinks etc. should be mounted on the north, east or northeast wall of the bathroom. Geyser should be installed in the South-East corner
  • There must be a provision for proper lighting and cross ventilation
  • The geyser should be placed in the South east corner
  • Drainage system should be in the northeast direction. The taps and showers should be fixed on the northern side
  • The north side is also suitable for putting up the mirror
  • The door should not be in the southwest direction of the bathroom
  • For keeping the washing machine, the suitable directions are southeast and northwest
  • Bathtub can be placed on the west, east or northeast with the head facing the south side
  • An overhead tank then it should always be on the northwest side of the house
  • The bathroom colors should be light to give a fresh look. White, light blue and pale green are ideal available. Avoid dark colors like black or dark red. Keep the bathroom shiny and clean. If you are going for tiles for the bathroom, then keep them in neutral shades. According to Vaastu, dark colors create a disturbing element. For a soothing and relaxing experience light colors are recommended.
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Vaastu Tips– Kitchen

  • The kitchen ideally, should be towards South-East, the direction of God of Fire ((Agneya)). Alternatively, it can located in the North West (Vayavya)
  • The kitchen door should open in North, North East or East direction in clockwise manner.
  • You should avoid having the kitchen at the North East corner of the house as this may lead to unrest, quarrels, tension or unnecessary expenditure. It is also recommended to avoid kitchen at Southwest side as this can also cause difficulties and worries.
  • Cook should face the East or North. This brings good health for the family members and violating this with face towards South while cooking could bring financial losses to the family
  • All items pertaining to fire or heat should be installed in the South-East corner. The Main-switch, generators, microwaves, juicers and mixers should be located in the South-East corner of the house
  • The gas stove should be in southeast corner (the place of Lord Agni), a few inches away from the wall. It should not be in front of the main door of the kitchen. Gas stove or any other cooking material should be placed in such a way as allows the cook to face only towards the East while cooking. If the lady faces west while cooking, it may lead to health problems. Cooking with face towards the south may lead to financial problems in the family. No shelf should be placed above cooking gas. The cooking stove should not be visible from outside should always be shielded from outsiders.
  • The refrigerator should be in the northwest, southeast, south or west.
  • The kitchen must have adequate provision for cross-ventilation. The ventilators and larger kitchen windows should be in the East direction and smaller windows in the South.
  • The Kitchen sink should be placed in North East.
  • The water filter and other drinking water storage should be done in the North East direction of the kitchen.
  • The dining table if placed in the kitchen should be in the North West corner and not in the centre with the face in East or North direction while consuming food.
  • Any toilet or bathroom should not share a common wall with your kitchen.
  • Gas Cylinder should be kept in south-east. Empty Cylinder should be kept in south-west
  • If possible, the cooking gas and the washing sink should not be kept very close to each other. The reason is that fire and water are not compatible being close to each other
  • The storage racks should be made on southern or western wall Essential commodities like boxes of grain, spices, pulses, etc. should be in south or west direction. The water source including pitcher, water filter, etc. may be kept in north-east.
  • Ceramic tiles, mosaic, marble are good choices for kitchen flooring. Ceramic tile flooring is recommended to accommodate Indian conditions as it is stain-free, dust-free and scratch resistant
  • The color of floor and walls should be yellow, orange, rose, chocolate or red. It should not be black as far as possible
  • Exhaust fan should be installed on the eastern wall in the south-east corner
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Vaastu Tips – Living Room

  • According to Vastu Shastra living room or drawing room should be located in east or north direction. The ideal location of a living room depends on plot facing. The living room can be in northeast direction for east and north facing house. The living room can be in northwest for west facing house. In south facing house, living room can be in southeast
  • The use of painting can create a pleasant environment in the room. Painting of waterfall, rising sun provides positive energy. Avoid paintings that symbolize death, violence and negative aspects of life.
  • T.V. should be placed in southeast direction. Living room vastu opposes to place T.V. in north-east or south-west corner. Cooler or A.C should be placed in west or north direction. Avoid A.C or Cooler in southeast and northwest. Telephone should be placed in East, North or south-east. It should not be in south-west or the north-west corners.
  • Southern and western corners of the room are perfect for placing the furniture.
  • The furniture should be placed in west or south direction. The furniture such as showcase, almirah or heavy articles etc. should be in south or west or southwest direction. It should be rectangular or square, not in oval, circular or odd shape
  • The color of wall in living room should be white, yellow, blue or green. Prefer light color over dark colors. Avoid black and red color in living room. Showcase and almirah can be kept in the southwest corner
  • Lighting of living room should be bright. If chandelier is in living room, it should be slightly towards west, not at the centre of the room.
  • The door of living room should be in east or north direction because doors are very auspicious in these directions. There should not be a photograph of any God in living room or at entrance door. Windows in east and north are beneficial.
  • Avoid placing L shape sofa in your drawing room.
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Vaastu Tips – Pooja Room

Location of Pooja Rooms

According to Vaastu Shastra, North-east is an excellent location for Pooja room. Pooja room in north quadrant provides good results. You can opt east, north and north-east for pooja room. Avoid other directions if possible. Special pooja’s can be performed in Brahmasthana (center of house). In big plots, pooja room can be in Brahmasthan (central portion) of the house. Pooja room should not be inside bed room. It should not be made above, below or next to toilet or kitchen. It should be on ground floor, not on first floor or in basement. Avoid Pooja Room under the stairs

While worshipping, the person should face the East. Pooja room should not touch the same wall as the toilet. Also, Pooja room should not be opposite bathroom or toilet. Pooja Room should not be under the stairs and should also be on ground floor and not first floor. Pooja room should be clean and neat avoid dirt or clutter and keep it fragrant.

Vaastu Tips – Stair Case

  • If the steps leading to the entrance are damaged or broken, then the master of the house will face problems with his career and his expenses will soar.
  • The number of steps in stairs should be odd. It should not end with zero. The number of risers should be such odd numbers that if divided by 3, the remainder is always 2
  • Must be located as far as possible to the South or S-W portion of the building.
  • The rise of the staircase should be from east to west or north to south. A clockwise movement is beneficial
  • While ascending the staircase, the face should be either towards the north or the east.
  • Do not design staircase of a building in the north-east portion
  • According to the principles of Vastu Shastra the staircase can be constructed in any direction except North-East. If in some old house, the staircase is in the North-East, then a room should be constructed in South-East to lessen its ill-effects.
  • Paint staircase in light colors. Avoid red and black color.
  • Do not make staircase circular as it may cause ill effects on health.
  • Do not build any room such as kitchen, bathroom and ‘Pooja’ room under staircase. However it can be used for storage
  • Do not use common staircase for going upstairs and basement.
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Vaastu Tips – Children's Room

  • The apt direction for constructing children's room is west. North or East directions can also be used for constructing kids room. Vastu for children room suggests that a married couple should not use East direction bedroom. There is no problem if an unmarried child uses that room
  • The colour scheme should be mild
  • Don't place the furniture sticking to the wall, as it obstructs the flow of positive energy
  • Bed can be placed in the southwest corner.As a part of It is recommended to avoid placing the mirror just on the opposite side of the bed. While sleeping children should place their head at east side and legs towards west side, this is good for intelligence, knowledge and memory.
    Your child not have his or her head in north direction while sleeping, it is supposed to be bad for knowledge and memory power. If you have more children and need more rooms, construct bedrooms at southwest , south, west, vayavya, agneya, north and east sides. You should not have children's room in the eshan corner.
  • The study desk should be placed in such a manner that the child faces eastern, northern or north-eastern corner while studying. East is the most appropriate direction, as it paves way for enhanced concentration.The books should always be kept in south-west, south or west as lots of books and papers in study room create clutter and mental pressure.
  • Avoid placing the electronic gadgets like TV and Computer in the kids' bedroom. But still if you wish to install one, then for computer, the right place is Southeast corner and for TV, Northwest corner would be fine.
  • Almirahs and cabinets should be located in south or west direction.
  • Use up-lighters at south-east corner in children’s room as it is good for health and generates positive energy. Never use sharp lights and spot lights as it creates mental strain
  • Color affects mood and every aspect of life. Green color is ideally recommended for children’s room as it gives freshness, peace and increases brain power
  • The door of children room should be in the East or the North. Windows in the East and North of the room are beneficial
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